The PYP is designed for students aged 3 to 11. It focuses on the development of the whole child as an inquirer, both in the classroom and in the world outside like all International Baccalaureate (IB) programmes, is transdisciplinary, meaning students learn across subject areas while investigating big ideas. The curriculum framework consists of five essential elements: concepts, knowledge, skills, attitudes, action. The knowledge component is developed through inquiries into six trans-disciplinary themes of global significance, supported and balanced by six subject areas.
The word ‘transdisciplinary’ refers to connections across individual academic disciplines. Transdisciplinary study involves the links or interconnections across disciplines, which is in a sense the way the real world works – we rarely focus on only one aspect of learning or one discipline at a time in our daily lives. A transdisciplinary concept may reach across disciplines such as Mathematics, Science, English, Art, Social Studies, PSPE (Personal, Social, Physical Education) and ICT , and link them all together. This transdisciplinary approach is at the heart of the PYP.